Bioelectricity Generation from Microbial Fuel Cell utilizing Sewage Wastewater and Cow Urine from Dutse Metropolis Jigawa State




MFC, Bioelectricity, Power density, cow urine, wastewater


Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are technologies that directly transform chemical energy into electrical energy by oxidizing organic matter using bacteria as biocatalysts. MFCs offer a potential technology for converting wastewater into useful energy source and at the same time serve as wastewater treatment facilities. This makes it superior to other wastewater treatment methods. This study focused on the utilization of MFCs to generate bioelectricity from sewage wastewater using cow urine as inoculum and identify the bacteria colonizing the anode electrode. The experiment were conducted using two-chambered MFC constructed using locally sourced materials. Wastewater was characterized using standard methods. The characteristics of the sewage wastewater are: 680 mg/L Chemical oxygen Demand (COD), 457 mg/L Biochemical oxygen Demand (BOD) and pH of 7.4. The maximum voltage, power and current density obtained were 196 mV, 18.26 mW/m2 and 97 mA/m2 respectively. The MFC shows a reduction in COD value by 82 % (680mg/L initial and 120 mg/L final).The identification of the anodic biofilms showed the presence of Bacillus spp and klebsiella spp based on their microscopic and biochemical characterization. The results of this study can contribute to improve understanding and optimizing electricity generation in MFC,   Further study would be conducted in order to identify the microorganisms at molecular level.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Aisha Buhari Salisu , Department of Science Laboratory Technology, College of Science and Technology, Jigawa State Polytechnic Dutse. P.M.B 7040-Nigeria



Addi, H., Mateo-Ramírez, F., Ortiz-Martínez, V. M.., Salar-García, M. J., Hernández-Fernández, F. J., de los Ríos, A. P., Godínez, C., Lotfi, E. M., El Mahi, M., and Blanco, L. J. L. (2018). Treatment of mineral oil refinery wastewater in microbial fuel cells using ionic liquid based separators. Applied Science, 8, 438.

APHA. (2012) Standard methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21st Edition. American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C.

Bose, D., Gopinath, M., and Vijay, P. (2018). Sustainable power generation from

wastewater sources using microbial fuel cell. Biofuels, Bioproduction Biorefining, 12(4): 559–576.

Chaudhuri, S. K, Lovely, D. R. (2003). Electricity generation by direct oxidation of glucose in mediatorless microbial fuel cells. National Biotechnology, 21(12): 29–32.

Choudhury, P., Uday, U. S. P., Mahata, N., Nath, Tiwari, O., Narayan Ray, R., Kanti Bandyopadhyay, T., and Bhunia, B. (2017). Performance improvement of microbial fuel cells for waste water treatment along with value addition: A review on past achievements and recent perspectives. Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, 7(9): 372–389.

Heidrich, E.S., Dolfifing, J., Wade, M. J., Sloan, W. T., Quince, C., and Curtis, T. P. (2018). Temperature, inocula and substrate: Contrasting electroactive consortia, diversity and performance in microbial fuel cells. Bioelectrochemistry, 11(9): 43–50.

Hindatu, Y., Annuar, M. S. N., and Gumel, A. M. (2017).Mini-review: Anode modification for improved performance of microbial fuel cell. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 7(3): 236-248.

Hindatu Yusuf, M. Suffian M. Annuar, Syed Mohammad Daniel Syed Mohamed and Ramesh Subramaniam. (2018). Medium-chain-length poly-3 hydroxyalkanoates-carbon nanotubes composite as proton exchange membrane in microbial fuel cell, Chemical Engineering Communications, 1563 - 5201.

Hindatu Yusuf, Mohamad Suffian Mohamad Annuar, Ramesh Subramaniam and Ahmad Mohammed Gumel. (2019). Amphiphilic Biopolyester-Carbon Nanotube Anode Enhances Electrochemical Activities of Microbial Fuel Cell. Chemical Engineering Technology, 42(3): 566-574.

Jadhav A. Dipak., Sumat C. Jain., and Makarand M. Ghangrekar. (2016). Cow's urine as a yellow gold for bioelectricity generation in low cost clayware microbial fuel cell Energy 11(3): 76 - 84.

Kundu, P., Arpita, Nandy., Vikash, Kumar., Sudipta, Mondal., Kingshuk, Dutta,, Maryam, Salah., and Patit. (2015). Performance evaluation of microbial fuel cells: effect of varying electrode configuration and presence of a membrane electrode assembly. New Biotechnology, 32(2): 272 - 280.

Liu, H., Ramnarayanan, R., and Logan, B. E. (2004). Production of electricity during wastewater treatment using a single chamber microbial fuel cell. Environmental Science and Technology, 38(7): 2281‐2285.

Liu, H., Cheng, S., and Logan, B. E. (2005). P ower generation in fed-batch microbial fuel cells as a function of ionic strength, temperature, and reactor configuration. Environmental Science and Technology, 38(54): 88–93.

Logan, B. E. (2008). Microbial fuel cells. Wiley, New York.

Logan, B. E., Hamelers, B., and Rozendal., R. (2006). Microbial fuel cells: methodology and technology. Environmental Science Technology, 40(17): 5181‐5192.

Moqsud, M. A., Bushra, Q. S., and Rahman, M. H. (2011). Composting barrel for sustainable organic waste management in Bangladesh. Waste Management

and Research, 2(9):1286–1293.

Nor, M .H. M., Mubarak, M. F. M., Elmi, H. S. A., Ibrahim, N., Wahab, M.F. A., and Ibrahim, Z. (2015). Bioelectricity generation in microbial fuel cell using natural microflora and isolated pure culture bacteria from anaerobic palm oil mill effluent sludge. Bioresourse Technolology, 1(90): 458‐465.

Oliveira, V. B., Simões, M., Melo, L. F., and Pinto, A. (2013). Overview on the developments of microbial fuel cells. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 7(3): 53‐64.

Sharma Y., and Li B. (2010). The variation of power generation with organic substrates in single-chamber microbial fuel cells (SCMFCs). Bioresource Technology, 101(18): 44 - 50.

Xu, L., Wang, B. D., Liu, X. H., Yu, W. Z., and Zhao, Y. Q. (2018). Maximizing the

energy harvest from a microbial fuel cell embedded in a constructed wetland. Applied Energy, 2(14): 83‐91.

Zhang, E., Wang, F., Zhai, W., Scott, K., Wang, X., and Diao, G. (2017). Efficient removal of nitrobenzene and concomitant electricity production by single-chamber microbial fuel cells with activated carbon air-cathode. Bioresourse Technology, 22(9): 111–118.8.




How to Cite

Salisu , A. B., Yusuf, H., Peter, S. G., Nura, H. G., Haruna, S., & Jamilu, Z. A. (2023). Bioelectricity Generation from Microbial Fuel Cell utilizing Sewage Wastewater and Cow Urine from Dutse Metropolis Jigawa State. UMYU Scientifica, 2(3), 39–45.