Malaria Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Wadata and Lafia North Primary Health Care Centers Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Authors

Keywords:

Malaria, Pregnant women, associated factors, Primary Health Centers

Abstract

Study’s Excerpt/Novelty

  • This study investigates the prevalence of malaria among pregnant women in Lafia, Nasarawa state, Nigeria, revealing significant associations between infection rates and educational level, occupational status, and age.
  • The results demonstrate the highest prevalence of Plasmodium infection among women aged 31–35 and those with tertiary education, while civil servants showed significantly higher infection rates compared to other occupational groups.
  • Additionally, the study highlights differences in malaria prevalence related to net ownership and usage, providing critical insights into targeted public health interventions for reducing malaria risk in this vulnerable population.

Full Abstract

Plasmodium infection in pregnant women poses significant public health challenges, potentially leading to adverse outcomes for both mothers and their babies.  This study investigated the prevalence of malaria and associated risk factors among 144 pregnant women attending a prenatal clinic at Wadata and Lafia North Primary Health Care Centers in Lafia, Nasarawa state, Nigeria.  Using thick and thin blood smears and structured questionnaires, we found that 15.79% of the women were infected with Plasmodium.  Even though Wadata Primary Health Centre recorded a higher prevalence (15.87%) than Lafia North (15.69%), no difference was observed (ᵪ2= 0.0012658, df = 1, P = 0.9716).  Plasmodium infection prevalence was highest (27.27%) in the age range 31–35 and lowest in the age ranges15-20 (7.14%), while age above 36 years recorded negative infection.  The highest prevalence (19.04%) was observed in women who acquired a tertiary education, then those who acquired a primary education (18.75%) or a secondary (17.64%) or those with no formal education (4.54%), and these differences in the prevalence with respect to the educational level varied significantly (ᵪ2= 9.8462, df = 3, P = 0.01992).  A significant difference (ᵪ2= 27.516, df = 4, P = 1.563x10-5) was observed in civil servants (25.00%) compared to traders (15.15%), other employees (14.28%), artisans (8.00%), as well as the farmers who were never infected at all.  The prevalence of malaria among women who own a net was 17.1% in Lafia and 15% in Wadata. While those sleeping under it were 5 (18.2%) in Lafia North and 3 (8.82%) in Wadata.  The prevalence among women who had prior knowledge of using a treated bed net as a malaria protective measure in Lafia North was 6(13.3%), while in Wadata, it was 6(14.7%).

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Published

2024-07-10

How to Cite

Maikentii, J. I., Umar, R. M., Ombugadu, A., Aimankhu, P. O., Yusuf, K. S., Mamman, A. S., & Dakum, Y. D. (2024). Malaria Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Wadata and Lafia North Primary Health Care Centers Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. UMYU Scientifica, 3(3). Retrieved from https://scientifica.umyu.edu.ng/index.php/scientifica/article/view/423

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